In Mexico, probably for centuries, Agave salmiana plantations have been established with shoots of young rhizomes (Mora-López et al. ). Plant database entry for Maguey Pulquero (Agave salmiana) with 4 images and 33 data details. PDF | On Mar 30, , Andres Quezada-Salinas and others published Fungi associated with maguey pulquero (Agave salmiana Otto ex.

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Central and southern Mexico. It is also widely cultivated and naturalized in tropical countries.

Agave salmiana (Giant Agave)

Over time it will produce a an urn-shaped silhouette made up of very broadand well-armed, leaves up to 35 cm wide. The epithet ferox is due to the hard and long up to 8 cm apical spines.

This Agave is truly one of the mahuey amazing species one can grow, ultimately reaching dimensions of 3,5 metres wide or more. When the plant matures produces a very swlmiana up to 9 metres candelabra-like spike, with bright yellow blooms that attract birds and bees. Like many in its family plant dies after blooming and offsets take over. There is a ample variability in shape and colour of leaves this may owe to differences in provenance or to the possibility that many magguey considered to be this species are actually a form of Agave americana subs.

Agave salmiana – Wikipedia

Protamericanawhich is much hardier. Perennial, very large evergreen rosetting succulent forming ample suckers which can lead to a large colony if suckers are not removed. Large, loosely leaved, Leaves: Marginal spines brown to grayish brown, cm including the fleshy mammillate cushions on which they standconfluent at the base of the leaf, the median spines cm distant.

Terminal spine cm, black-brown grooved above for over half its length. Peduncle closely imbricate with large fleshy bracts, 6- -9 m tall.

Panicle broad, with large loose umbels in upper half mavuey shaft. Coarsely fleshy cm long, frequently flushed reddish in the bud but opening yellow or greenish yellow. Ovary green mm long, thick, cylindric.

Tube large funnelform, mm deep, 20 mm broad, thick-walled. Tepals dimorphic, narrow, involute, the inner mm shorter with high fleshy keel bordered by thin, hyaline, inrolling margins, the outer x 6 mm and bulging at base.


Filaments mm long, inserted above mid-tube. Anthers mm long, yellow. Spring in habitat late March to June appears to be the principal flowering season. Under right condition it mqguey bloom in 10 years.

Subspecies, varieties, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Agave salmiana group. Major references and further lectures 1 James Cullen, Sabina G. Agave salmiana are usually cultivated outdoors in rock gardens, in cactus and succulent gardens, in Mediterranean-style landscapes, samiana borders, or as a specimen.

Need full sun and a very well-drained, slightly acidic, sandy or gravely soil.

As an ornamental it is also grown in containers where it stays much smaller than its walmiana brethren. Specimens even survive in pots or in the ground in the wet winters of the south coast of England. At the other extreme it may be seen planted out in southern Arizona and Texas. The Agave salmiana grows sapmiana fast in summer if provided with copious water but allows to dry thoroughly before watering again. During the winter months, one should only water enough to keep the leaves from shrivelling.

It needs a ealmiana well-drained, soil. Repot every two years. Use pot with good drainage. It does well in full sun or a lightly shaded area. It can get very large, and it is armed with needle-sharp spines. The sap is quite acidic and can be quite painful if it comes in contact with the skin. It can form small blisters. Keep it in a cool, frost-free area in winter and put it out on the balcony or patio in summer. These striking plants are wonderful when used for accent or simply to provide some all year round foliage and often used in a pot as a patio plant, can be moved around to change the magjey or position to give more shelter Alcoholic drinks: Agave salmiana is considered to be the great wine making agave “maguey de pulque” and has long been cultivated in south central Mexico for this purpose.

Use extreme care when working around or trimming any Agave. Not only are the spines wicked and cause a painful swelling if one is poked, but the sap of many species is caustic. Relatively easy to propagate by seeds or by suckers. Stand the pots in water, moisten thoroughly and drain. Scatter and press lightly the seed onto the top of the compost.

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Agave salmiana ‘Green Giant’ at San Marcos Growers

But do not cover the small seeds with compost. Secure a polythene maguet around the pot or cover the container with glass magueu and place in a warm shaded place. If possible, germinate in a propagator.

Some seedlings may appear within a week or 10 days others will take longer. At lower temperatures, germination usually takes considerably longer. Once germination has taken place, remove gradually the glass or plastic and move into a good light but not in direct sun.

If the young salmixna are exposed to too much sun, or the compost dries out, they may stop growing and often turn red; once they stop, it is often difficult to persuade them to start growing again. Never let the pots dry out-but don’t saturate them either. A sodden compost is as harmful as a dry one. Remove the basal suckers in spring or summer and let the cuttings dry salmiqna a few days before inserting in compost.

Koch Gentry Agaves Cont. Koch Gentry Agave ferox K. Koch See all synonyms of Agave salmiana. Subspecies, saljiana, forms and cultivars of plants belonging to the Agave salmiana group Agave salmiana Otto ex Salm-Dyck: Gentry Agave salmiana var.

Send a photo of this plant. The gallery now contains thousands of pictures, however it is possible to do even more. We are, of course, seeking photos of species not yet shown in the gallery but not only that, we are also looking for better pictures than those already present. Back to Agave index. Back to Agavaceae index. Back to Succulents Encyclopedia index.