The Mongol invasion of Europe in the 13th century was the conquest of Europe by the Mongol among fragmented Poland, such as the Battle of Legnica (9 April ) and in the Battle of Mohi (11 April ) in the Kingdom of Hungary. Battle of Legnica, (9 April ). Mongol raiders in Poland defeated a European army containing much-feted Christian knights from the military orders of the. The double-envelopment, or pincer movement, is such a tried and true military tactic that the guy who literally wrote the book on war, Sun Tzu.

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Interested in participating in the Publishing Partner Program? Battle of Legnica9 April Mongol raiders in Poland defeated a European army containing much-feted Christian knights from the military orders of the Teutonic Knightsthe Hospitallersand the Templars. The raiders had been sent to Poland as a diversion from the Mongolian invasion of Europe through Hungary and afterward rejoined the Mongol army there.

The Mongols claimed the Cumans as their subjects and used these events as a cause to invade Europe. Under a daring invasion plan drawn up by General Subedei, three armies totaling 80, men—led by BatuShiban, and Subedei himself-would invade Hungary.

A fourth force of 20, commanded by Princes Kadan and Baidar, was to be sent into Poland with the aim of destroying opposition there before sweeping southward to reunite with the main force.

Polish resistance legnlca weakened by rivalry between competing lords, but Duke Henry II the Pious of Silesia succeeded in raising an army of 30, which met the Mongols at Liegnitz now known as Legnica.


This army contained poorly equipped infantry raised from the local peasants but also members of the Teutonic Knights and a small group of Knights Templar and Knights Hospitaller from France, llegnica of the most redoubtable mounted warriors in the Christian world.

Confused by the smoke, the European knights rode around trying to find the enemy but came under heavy fire as Mongol archers unleashed a hail of arrows.

Next, a group of Mongol light cavalry attacked the now-isolated European infantry from the flanks. Finally, the Mongols sent in the heavy cavalry. Throughout these legmica, the Mongol archers kept up a deadly storm of arrows, and—according to some accounts—also used rockets fired with gunpowder. The European army was virtually wiped out.

Duke Henry attempted to flee, but was captured, killed, and beheaded ; the Mongols paraded his head around the town of Liegnitz on the end of a spear. As was customary among the Mongols, the number of fallen victims was counted by cutting off one ear from each, these being collected together in sacks. Afterward, hearing of the catastrophic defeat, King Wenceslas retreated to Bohemia. The Mongols sent a small army to pursue him, but this force was driven off by the Bohemian cavalry at Klodzo.

Then Kadan and Baidar broke up their army into raiding parties that terrorized the Polish people and ravaged the countryside before heading southward across the Carpathian Mountains to join General Subedei and the main army in Hungary.

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Battle of Liegnitz

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This contribution has not yet been formally edited by Britannica. Learn More in these related Britannica articles: The Arabs 124 reported to have used rockets on the Iberian Peninsula in ; and in Valencia was attacked by rockets. In Italy, rockets are said to have been used by the Paduans and by the Venetians Legnica received municipal rights in and legjica became an important trade centre, with an economy based on its extensive weaving industry.

Mongolmember of a Central Asian ethnographic group of closely related tribal peoples who live mainly on the Mongolian Plateau and share a common language and nomadic tradition.

The Battle of Liegnitz (Legnica), 1241

Polandcountry of central Europe. Poland is located at a geographic crossroads that links the forested lands of northwestern Europe to the sea lanes of the Atlantic Ocean and 11241 fertile plains of the Eurasian frontier. Now bounded by seven nations, Poland has waxed and waned over the centuries, buffeted….

The arrival of the Teutonic Knights use of rockets In rocket and missile system: You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar or related subjects are covered. Any text you add should be original, not copied from other sources. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so pegnica we can fully understand their context. Internet URLs are the best. Thank You for Your Contribution!

Battle of Liegnitz – The Great Battles of History – Ars Bellica

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