This is a reprint of the English Translation of the Nyaya Sutras of Gautama by Mm . Dr. Ganganatha Jha, the versatile Sanskrit scholar who will ever be. Where There’s Smoke There’s Fire: Gautama’s Nyāya-Sūtra. Posted on 10 December The Nyāya-Sūtra inaugurates a tradition of logical and. Nyaya: Gautama’s Nyaya-sutra, with Vatsyayana’s commentary (Indian philosophy in its sources) [Gautama (Authority on Nyayasastra)] on *FREE*.

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A discutient is one who engages himself in a disputation as a means of seeking the truth].

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He recommends Logic Nyfiya as a necessary study for gauatma King and a logician to be an indispensable member of a legal assembly. This definition is said to be defective because it dees not notice the conjunction of soul with mind, and of mind with sense, which are causes of perception.

The first ten sutras of the text in Sanskrit. Verbal testimony, say some, is inference be- cause the object revealed by it is not perceived but inferred. Mann, atlhyjiya 2, verso Proposition — Sound is non-eternal, Reason — Because it is produced, Example — Whatever is produced is non-eternal, as a pot, Application — So is sound producedConclusion.

Audible Download Audio Books. In case of well-known facts admitted by all, there should be no examination.

The water gushing out copiously from the well not only quenched his thirst but formed itself into a river, the source of which was the seat of the original well. Manu says that dharma or duty is to be ascertained by logical reasoning not opposed gautamx the injunctions of the Vedas. C, mentions ” pa ififia ” in Sanskrit: The colour of a jar is manifested when the jar comes into union with a lamp, but the colour existed before the union took place, and will con- tinue to exist after the union has ceased.


Cashback will be credited as Amazon Pay balance within 10 days. A question arises, whether water is not perceived only when it does not exist, or also when it does exist.

If there were no present time, sense perception would be impossible, knowledge would be impossible.

A gauama desire for milk in this life is caused by the practice of his having drunk it in the previous life. Your objection refers to one of the points, iiz. Hence verbal testimony is not inference. Ancient Indian philosophical literature Epistemology literature Hindu texts History of logic Logic literature Metaphysics literature Nyaya Sutra literature.

Refutes “the everything is false” theory.

Now, the mind, which is an atomic substance, cannot be conjoined with more than one sense- organ at a time, hence there cannot occur more acts of perception than one at one time. This is, we reply, not so because the desire in a new-borp gautamma is caused by the ideas left in his soul by the things he enjoyed in ynaya previous lives. Hence we must admit the present time to which the past and future are related. If you touch the hand, leg or any other limb of a person you are said to touch the person.

Fruit is the thing produced by activity and faults.

Full text of “The Nyaya Sutras of Gotama”

Transmigration, which consists in the soul’s leaving one body and taking another, is the cause of its undergoing pleasure and pain.

VatsyAyana takes the last to be “not commonly seen 1 ‘ which he interprets as the knowledge of a thing which is not commonly seen, e. At this stage the Nyaya was pure Logic unconnected with the scriptural dogmas.


In reply we say sutta it is not so. The analogy, we ntaya, is inapt because the modi- fications of gold called ornaments do not relinquish the nature of gold, — Likewise through heterogeneous or negative charac- ter.

One may sum up the situation pretty safely by nyayaa that we have not the vaguest idea who wrote the Nyayasutras or when he lived. Be- cause the time of their manifestation is different, the analogy between colour and sound is not complete, therefore, the reason is mistimed.

When, gauama instance, we perceive a jar we perceive also its genus i. When we say that there will be a jar, we perceive the mark of non-existence of the jar in the halves which are destined to compose it.

The Nyaya-Sutras Of Gautama: With The Bhasya Of Vatsyayana And The Vartika Of Uddyotakara

Hence the non-existence destruc- tion of a jar which has a beginning is not really eternal. The Yoga Sutra of Patanjali: It is not possible to alter their character by saying ” let the crystal be non-transparent ” and ” let the wall be transparent.

Sound cannot be supposed to co-abide with other qualities, for there are varieties of it.

There is, we reply, no objection because odour smell etc. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. How to analyze opposing views, presents its theory of five-membered arguments, correct conclusions are those where contradictions do not exist, theory of reasoning methods that are flawed, what is a quibble and how to avoid it.