Hielscher published his vision of an ethnic German Reich in a monograph in Here he Friedrich Hielscher und sein Kreis zwischen Heidentum, neuem . The wedding of Gertrud Daumann und Friedrich Hielscher, January 1, Under the Third Reich, Hielscher played a directing role in the. In Friedrich Hielscher, an active publicist on the radical right, summed up He stands for the Reich as protector of the past, as crusher of the present.
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Hielscher joined a Freikorps in He friedroch his unit in due to his refusal to participate in the Kapp-Putsch. From he studied law in Berlin, where hielschet joined the schlagende Corps Normania Berlin and became politically active in the German People’s Party. His dissertation in geich was about the term Selbstherrlichkeit in German legal tradition, accepted in Beginning inHielscher gathered a circle of followers around his person.
Hielscher’s concept of Reich was inspired by Stefan George ‘s belief in a “Secret Germany” Geheimes Deutschlanda mystical and ethnic essentialist argument for a spiritual and cultural potential held by the German people and a German nation which existed in potentia but which had been prevented from realization in the history of the Holy Roman Empire. Hielscher published his vision of an ethnic German Reich in a monograph in Hielscher was a member of the Evangelical Church in Germany until The UFK combined panentheism with paganism and nationalism.
In Hielscher’s theology, God is external to the universe, or the universe contained within God. Hielscher elaborates the personality of three out of these twelve deities in particular, describing them as “divine couple”, also “king and queen”, named Wode and Friggaand the “god of Easter” Ostergottnamed Fro.
The remaining nine Messengers are treated much more briefly, or not at all; they include FreyaLoki and Sigyn. This “pagan catechism” of Hielscher’s were edited by Bahn The religious doctrine of Hielscher’s UFK consists of a syncretism of monotheistic Christianity, panentheism as advocated by Goetheand polytheistic reconstruction related to other currents of Germanic mysticism at the time such as the groups led by Jakob Wilhelm Hauer and Ludwig Fahrenkrog.
Like other conservative thinkers of s Germany, Hielscher was opposed to Nazism and its biologistic racial theories.
While his early writings were openly nationalist, he moved away from German nationalism after and participated reeich the underground German resistance. Under the Nazi regime of tohe advocated a clandestine approach to resistance, attempting to place his adherents in key positions where they could contribute to the ultimate downfall of the regime.
Hielscher’s UFK was not itself a cell of the German resistance, but several of its members were at the same time active in such. Hielscher convinced several of his followers to seek positions within the regime, including intelligence Abwehrmilitary command, Ahnenerbe and police SS-Reichssicherheitshauptamtfrom which positions they managed to protect some of those persecuted by the Nazi regime.
Hielscher was arrested in in connection with the failed 20 July plot to assassinate Hitler. He was released after Ahnenerbe director Wolfram Sievers interceded on his behalf. When Sievers was accused of war crimes at the Doctors’ Trial at NurembergHielscher in turn interceded for him, stating that Sievers was part of his clandestine resistance.
Sievers was nevertheless condemned to death and executed in Hielscher was criticized by his own followers for his leadership, the failure of his concept of clandestine resistance, and his attempts to defend Sievers. Disillusioned, and disappointed with his failure to save Sievers from execution, Hielscher publicly announced his retirement from all political activities, resolving to restrict his efforts to the purely religious.
After the war, Hielscher retired from all public office. He was the editor of the Deutsche Corpszeitung during the s, where he published a number of essays on academic fencing. Hielscher continued to lead the UFK until his death in It is the town of the district Vogtlandkreis. The town is situated near the border of Bavaria and the Czech Republic, Plauen was founded by Polabian Slavs in the 12th century as Plawe and was passed to the Kingdom of Bohemia in The town was captured by the Archbishop of Magdeburg, Lippold von Bredow, init was passed to Albertine Saxony and later in to the Electorate of Saxony.
Plauen became incorporated into the Kingdom of Saxony in during the Napoleonic Wars, in the lateth century, Plauen became a centre of textile manufacturing, specializing in Chemical lace, called Plauen lace. AroundPlauen, as a boomtown of the region.
In the s, Plauen hosted the first chapter of the Nazi Party outside of Bavaria, plauens population, however, has shrunk dramatically since the Second World War.
It was occupied by American troops on 16 April but was left to Red Army on 1 Julyfrom onwards, Plauen fell into the Soviet occupation zone of Germany, which later became the Riech Democratic Republic. In the district reform of 1 JulyPlauen lost its district status and was frieddrich into the district Vogtlandkreis.
Friedrich Hielscher & Wolfram Sievers’ execution – Axis History Forum
The town had another station, Relch Unterer station, on the Elster Valley Railway, there is a plan to rename the Oberer station into Plauen Hauptbahnhof.
It overlaps with and is contained within Euregio Egrensis. Nowadays Vogtland also serves as a colloquial abbreviation for Vogtlandkreis. The landscape of the Vogtland is sometimes referred to as idyllic, bearing in mind its fields, meadows, in the south and southeast, Vogtland rises to a low or mid-height mountain range also called Oberes Vogtland, or Upper Vogtland.
Here, monocultural coniferous forest is the predominant form of vegetation and its mountains spread from Ore Mountains in the south-east to Fichtelgebirge in the south-west, some peaks also belonging to Elstergebirge.
Both of them are in use as railroad bridges closing the hiekscher between Dresden and Nuremberg, integral part of the Vogtland landscape are its reservoirs, frieddich shores of which mostly are popular holiday and camping destinations. Plauen, the largest town, is known as the capital of the Vogtland or, with a proud note and it is thought to have been inhabited since late 7th or early 8th century by Slavic Settlers who tribally belonged to the Sorbs.
Large portions of the Vogtland, however, were covered with pristine forests and were dae settled before the High Middle Ages. Those settlers arrived mainly in eleventh and hielacher centuries, ethnically being Slavic or German, coming from areas of traditionally older settlement hielcsher Franconia, Thuringia, for instance, in a number of villages of the upper Vogtland even nowadays a dialect is spoken similar to that in Oberpfalz.
The place name Vogtland originates in the rule of the Vogts in this region hiwlscher the eleventh to the sixteenth century A. In the 12th century, Kaiser Barbarossa appointed the first Vogts as administrators of his imperial forest areas in the East to facilitate his rule and their headquarters was the Osterburg at Weida, thus giving it the reputation as the cradle of the Vogtland.
Inhis equinomic son Henry also handed Hiielscher over to Bohemian tenure, the exchange was heavily disputed by branch line cousins of Henrys.
Henry II von Plauen had fallen into disgrace with him for his opposition against nobility. Thus, Ernest received tenure over friedricch Vogtland which, at the occasion of the Leipziger Teilung inwas transferred to the House of Ernest while keeping the Bergregal under joint control.
Furtwangen im Schwarzwald — Furtwangen im Schwarzwald is a small city located in the Black Forest region of south western Germany. It belongs to the district of Schwarzwald-Baar along with the two important cities of Villingen and Schwenningen. The total population of Furtwangen was inhabitants on December 31, Furtwangen gained the right to call itself a city in The Breg is a stream which, coming from the mountainous areas around Furtwangen.
The Breg is one of the two rivers which unite to form the river Danube. Furtwangen is a city with an industrial past, At one time Furtwangen was a producer of clocks that were made. While many different kinds of clocks were produced in Furtwangen, Furtwangen was unique for the production of clocks from the factory of Emilian Wehrle. These friedrrich call friedrifh hour with the sound of the trumpet, flute, song bird and these clocks were the highest quality and were very expensive at the time.
Because of this cas were produced, and even fewer survived, today collectors are after these musical pieces, and they continue to be sold at record prices. This industry was important in previous centuries, but with the appearance of the quartz watch this branch of the economy is now almost gone.
Today, Furtwangen is a city with a more balanced industry, there are small and medium-sized industrial companies focused in microelectronics.
Among the cities in Germany Furtwangen one of those with the lowest unemployment rate, there is a reifh of applied sciences. Beside one of the university friddrich is the Deutsches Uhrenmuseum with many historical and modern clocks, tourists are often highly interested in visiting this museum. Inthe railway connection called Bregtalbahn was closed after 80 years of service, the railway track had led from Furtwangen to Friedrivh.
Weimar Republic — Weimar Republic is an unofficial, historical designation for the German state between and The name derives from the city of Weimar, where its constitutional assembly first took place, the official name of the state was still Deutsches Reich, it had remained unchanged since In English the country was known simply as Germany. A national assembly was convened in Weimar, where a new constitution for the Deutsches Reich was written, in its fourteen years, the Weimar Republic faced numerous problems, including hyperinflation, political extremism, and contentious relationships with the victors of the First World War.
The people of Germany blamed the Weimar Republic rather than their leaders for the countrys defeat. However, the Weimar Republic government successfully reformed the currency, unified tax policies, Weimar Germany eliminated most of friedgich requirements of the Treaty of Versailles, it never completely met its disarmament requirements, and eventually paid friedricj a small portion of the war reparations.
Under the Locarno Treaties, Germany accepted the borders of the republic.
InHindenburg appointed Adolf Hitler as Chancellor with the Nazi Party hielsfher part of a coalition government, the Nazis held two out of the remaining ten cabinet seats. Hitlers seizure of power was permissive of government by decree without legislative participation and these events brought the republic to an end, as democracy collapsed, a single-party state founded the Nazi era. The Friedrivh Republic is so called because the assembly that adopted its constitution hirlscher at Weimar, Germany from 6 February to 11 Augustbut this name only became mainstream after To the right of the spectrum the politically engaged rejected the new democratic model, the Catholic Centre party, Zentrum favoured the term Deutscher Volksstaat while on the moderate left the Chancellors SPD preferred Deutsche Republik.
Only during the s did the term become mainstream, both within and outside Germany, after the introduction of the republic, the flag and coat of arms of Germany were officially altered to reflect the political changes. The Weimar Republic retained the Reichsadler, but without the symbols of the former Monarchy and this left the black eagle with one head, facing to the right, with open wings but closed feathers, with a red hiepscher, tongue and claws and white highlighting.
If the Reichs Eagle is shown without a frame, the charge and colors as those of the eagle of the Reichs coat dws arms are to be used. The patterns kept by the Federal Ministry of the Interior are decisive hielscger the heraldic design, the artistic design may be varied for each special purpose.
Axis History Forum
The achievements and signs of movement were mostly done away with after its downfall. German resistance to Nazism — German resistance to Nazism was the opposition by individuals and groups in Germany to the National Socialist regime between and Some of these engaged in plans to remove Adolf Hitler from power.
The German resistance consisted of small and usually isolated groups and they were unable to mobilize political opposition.
Approximately 77, German citizens were killed for one or another form of resistance by Special Courts, courts-martial, Peoples Court, the resistance in Germany included German citizens of non-German ethnicity, such as members of the Polish minority who formed resistance groups like Olimp.
The Foreign Office and the Abwehr also provided support to the movement. But many of those in the military who ultimately chose to seek to overthrow Hitler had initially supported the regime, the Resistance members were motivated by such factors as the mistreatment of Jews, harassment of the churches, and the harsh actions of Himmler and the Gestapo. There was also resistance from the anarcho-syndicalist union, the Freie Arbeiter Union that distributed anti-Nazi propaganda, another group, the Red Orchestra, consisted of anti-fascists, communists, and an American woman.
The individuals in this group began to assist their Jewish friends as early asanother strand was resistance coming from members of the Christian churches, Catholic and Protestant.
Most notably, these included a significant number of Germans who helped Jews survive the Nazi Holocaust by hiding them, more than Germans have been recognised for this. These groups hatched conspiracies against Hitler in and again inactive resisters in this group were frequently drawn from members of the Prussian aristocracy.
Almost every community in Germany had members taken away to concentration camps, as early as there were jingles warning, Dear Lord God, keep me quiet, so that I dont end up in Dachau. By July all other parties and the trade unions had been suppressed, the press and radio rwich under state control. Nazi Germany — Nazi Germany is the common English name for the period in German history from towhen Germany was governed by a dictatorship under the control of Adolf Hitler and the Nazi Party.
Under Hitlers rule, Germany was transformed into a fascist state in which the Nazi Party took totalitarian control over all aspects of life.
The official name of the state was Deutsches Reich from tothe period is also known reivh the names hielschre Third Reich and the National Socialist Period. The Nazi Party then began to eliminate all opposition and hidlscher its power. All power was centralised in Hitlers person, and his word became above all laws, the government was not a coordinated, co-operating body, but a collection of factions struggling for power and Hitlers favour.
In the midst of the Great Depression, the Nazis restored economic stability and ended mass unemployment using heavy military spending, extensive public works were undertaken, including the construction of Autobahnen. The return to economic stability boosted the ffriedrich popularity, racism, especially antisemitism, was a central feature of the regime.