ERIC STOKES THE ENGLISH UTILITARIANS AND INDIA PDF

Holden Furber; The English Utilitarians and India. By Eric Stokes. (New York: Oxford University Press. Pp. xvi, $), The American Historical Rev. OTHER REVIEWS. Jacobinism. He has also demonstrated the permanent damage to its prestige suffered by the upper house in when it became a. utilitarianism on Indian education: K. A. Ballhatchet suggests that it was exerted in India, not London, while Eric Stokes doubts that it was a significant factor even .

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Its task was no more than the impartial administra- tion of fixed and equal laws for the maintenance of private property rights. The law must there- fore be efficient and swift, clear and easily intelligible, simple and readily available.

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Macaulay again was the true representative. There is the same insistence, as with Wordsworth, on natural simplicity, the same contempt for the artifices of civilized society, and for mere book- learning and abstract philosophy, and the same reverence for the accumulated wisdom of the past. To the Whig mind landed property appeared as the agency which affected the reconciliation of freedom with order.

Jul 01, Supriyo Chaudhuri rated it it was amazing. Yet the policy of assimilation and its identification with the interests of British commerce could rest on no other grounds than the closest and freest inter- course with India, and the end of all barriers which opposed the ingress of the West. He was convinced that the vernacular languages were far better vehicles of instruction.

Indian experience undoubtedly hardened cer- tain traits in the English character, but for their origin one needs to penetrate to the genesis of the nineteenth-century English middle class, and to the hidden springs setting its type.

The district judge was given the control of the police, and a status and salary superior to that of the collector. Released from the chains of immemorial habit, his mind set free from ignorance and superstition, the individual in India would have utilitarins the disposition and the knowledge to improve his earthly condition. That it did not do so entirely was due to the success of utili- tarianism in showing how the originally conservative system of Munro might be transformed into a most powerful instrument for ebglish.

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He rejected the suggestion put to him that the employment of Indians in the higher branches of the administration wopld tend to elevate the character of the people as a whole. In the parliamen- tary battle of 1 8 1 3 the free-traders had stripped the Company of its commercial monopoly over India, and separately.

A precarious and temporary relation will almost imper- ceptibly pass into another far more durable and beneficial.

But he believed these objects should be attained by the delegation of full powers to trusted individuals, and not through a deadening centralized administration.

To some ejglish the change in attitude was an inevitable one. Because of this family tie with India enjoyed by the Grants, the Stephens, the Thorntons, and others, Clapham and its offshoots were to send forth generations of Indian civil servants stamped with the Evangelical assurance and earnestness of purpose, stoke not always the old religious conviction. It has been seen how his intention was simply to strengthen the position of the ryot arid his way of life, by giving him the certainty of a fixed revenue demand and an established tenurial right.

Pursuing Whig notions, he had established a host of collective bodies to supervise the land revenue and justice, in the form of the Provincial Revenue Boards and the Provincial Thd of Appeal; yet their control over the district judge and over the collector had proved ineffective.

The English utilitarians and India – Eric Stokes – Google Books

Set at liberty in this way and given free scope for capital and labour, Indian society would be stirred out of its inveterate stagna- tion and set moving along the path of improvement. Mill seemed un- troubled at this prospect and obviously believed India was a case where autocracy need not lead to tyranny. Email alerts New issue alert. However confused the surface eirc events, the tide of British policy in India moved in the direction set by the develop- ment of the British economy.

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The English Utilitarians And India by Eric Stokes

The Bengal School were powerful in the counsels of the Governor-General in the eighteen-twenties and thirties, but their ability to influence the British territories beyond the confines of Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa, was diminishing.

It meant using law in a revolutionary way, consciously yhe it as a weapon to transform Indian society by breaking up the customary, communal tenures. Niharika Bhatt marked it as to-read Aug 26, The objection did not, however, occur in the case of India. This was part of a wider process by which Evangelical and non-conformist opinion abandoned its toryism of the Napoleonic War era and went over to the side of reform. Ours in India can hardly be called old, but seems destined to be short-lived.

The English Utilitarians and India

A transformation in the purpose of political dominion was the main result. Sign in via your Institution Sign in. To determine the rent of land in India was, as Mill readily admitted before the Parliamentary Committee of 1 8 3 1a formidable problem in actual practice. Mill left relatively so small a mark on Indian policy was that he was unfitted by temperament or belief to take over the leadership of the doctrinaire programme laid down by his father.

The Doctrine of Rent and the Land Tax T he core of the Utilitarian philosophy, its professed scientific foundation, was the new political economy deve- loped by Ricardo. Yet if the orbit of its activity had been circumscribed in this manner, the Evangelical movement would have had com- utklitarians little political importance.

A centrally imposed uniformity, such as the Utilitarians seemed to contemplate, was anathema to them.