KERUSAKAN TIPE EKOSISTEM KARST DAN PENGARUHNYA TERHADAP PERUBAHAN IKLIM. (SUATU PENDEKATAN TEORI). The Damage of Karst. Degradasi Vegetasi Dan Dampak Pertambangan terhadap Ekosistem Karst Maros-Pangkep. Achmad, Amran. STRATEGI PENGELOLAAN EKOSISTEM KARST. D I KAB U PATEN GU NU NG KID U L1. H atm a Suryatm ojo 2. Ab s tra k. Kabupaten Gunung Kidul yang.

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The heavy duty vehicle lumbered through the slopes between two karst hills in the valley heading towards Seruni Beach. The natural contours of the hillsides of Tepus, Gunungkidul, Yogyakarta, have disappeared since July.

No longer are there any trees or grassland. From these man-made stairs looking southwards, one ekosistemm see the beach of pristine sand slowly being lapped by the waves of the Indian Ocean hitting the southern Java coastline.

The local population ekosisfem and throw their nets on this shore. Women search for wild seaweed that grow freely on the damp rocks. These rock expanses of seaweed create a natural border between the west and east ends of the sandy beach. The remains of the algae turtles leave after a messy dinner are fed upon by tiny fish, allowing them to flourish. On usually placid Seruni Beach, whose only noise comes from the sound of waves, the whistling wind and the chirping of birds, a hotel and resort project is getting underway, named South Mountain Paradise, owned by PT Gunung Samudera Tirtomas headed by Robinson Saalino.

Saalino is the CEO of a company that deals in construction, property and tourism. According to its master plan, Gunung Samudera Tirtomas will build karsg constructions with a main swimming pool at the center, surrounded by a resort facing towards the beach. The project covers an area of ekoeistem hectares. The project mockup and blueprint have been put up on Seruni Ekosisgem. One block of the resort, the security post and the entrance gateway heading out to Seruni Beach have been constructed since January The property promises stunning coastal views for families and honeymooners to get away from it all.

Starting from Rp million per unit, the project will construct condotel units, 80 resort structures, and 70 villas. Robinson is investing Rp billion into the project. To date, he claims to have forked out Rp20 billion kars the initial phase.

He plans to have completed the project by the end of According to Walhi Yogyakarta executive director Halik Sandera, Seruni Beach is part of the Gunungsewu karst eoksistem, a protected geological area under the national protected regions. The South Mountain Paradise, he said, is being constructed on protected area and threatens to damage the environment.

Ekosistem Gua Karst dan Peranannya sebagai Habitat Burung Walet

Determining karst landscape regions aims to protect karst areas which function as natural water table regulators. Moreover, said Halik, the region was declared protected to conserve karst landscapes which are unique and have scientific research value. The ruling also declared the karst landscape was reserved for scientific activity. The Regional Ruling had declared Gunungsewu a protected nature sanctuary and prohibits inflecting ekpsistem on the natural landscape. Halik has harsh criticism for the Gunungkidul Regency Government for allowing South Mountain Paradise to violate its own ruling.

Robinson Saalino is refuting the accusation that the South Mountain Paradise project violated any rulings. karat


He claims to have permits from the Gunugkidul Regency Government comprising a location permit, a principal permit, and a spatial permit. For Robinson, the permits he has obtained ekksistem adequate for him to continue developing South Mountain Paradise. South Mountain Paradise is kafst the only project to hit on the karst landscape of the Gungkidul, Yogyakarta, southern coastline. The company is building a resort on one hectare of land. Said Hadiwinoto, Enny obtained the agreement with rental payment of Rp million for 10 years.

Enny is yet to respond. There is yet another company managing a tourist area based on a letter of recommendation from the Gunungkidul Regency Land and Spatial Area Office. PT Pantai Baron obtained a zoning recommendation to build a hotel, villas, tourist huts, and camping grounds in January The company owned by Dicky Tjokrosaputra is developing a tourist destination worth Rp billion on the Baron Beach in Kanigoro village in the Saptosari Subdistrict, on an area of 28 hectares.

The Gunungkidul Regency ekosietem a letter of recommendation for the Muncul company owned by businessperson Soekeno on May 5, In February, Tempo succeeded in contacting Soekeno. On ekosistme phone, he asked that Tempo send the list of questions to his email address. PT Garuda is building a hotel and resort on 6,5 hectares of land. Argenta keosistem by Agung Tobing is building a resort worth around Rp17,5 billion.

Tempo attempted to have a peek at this plot of land. A portal obstructs entrance into the area. Near the portal is a copy of the project blueprint. Tempo had made an appointment to meet with Agung Tobing to obtain confirmation concerning the land karstt. He promised to meet with Tempo in May. But to date, no meeting has occurred, because Agung keeps on canceling. The company has built a guard look-out kkarst Patuk.

Legal counsel for the Coalition of Communities to Protect the Sewu Mountain Range, Adnan Pambudi, said, the wholesale issuance of recommendations by the Gunungkidul Regency Government is hastening damage to the protected Gunungsewu karst region. All these ksrst to build hotels, resorts and the like on the Gunungkidul southern coast, said Adnan, is violating the constitution and regional laws and rulings.

The Gunungsewu karst bears legal status as a protected region. The Gunungkidul Regency Government has issued recommendations on protected regions for land plots with the status of Sultan Grounds, in other words, land owned by the Royal Court. The Court holds to the ordinance that fallow land not owned by citizens of the Yogyakarta Special Territory is land owned by the Court. Documents at the Gunungkidul Land and Spatial Office state that nearly the entire land area in the vicinity of the southern coast is Sultan Ground.

Adnan Pambudi, the legal counsel ekoistem the Coalition of Communities to Protect the Sewu Montain Range thinks the Gunungkidul Regency Government facilitates recommendations so readily because it is helpless in face of requests by the Panitikismo.


He deduces, business people already close to the Yogyakarta Royal Court process their recommendations to the Gunungkidul Regency Government after getting a go-ahead from a Royal Court officer. Adnan stated he has no idea about the details of the lobbying process by business people with Court officials to obtain management permits. This source was appointed the task of seeking a recommendation from the regency government by a business entity wanting to make use of the protected region on Sultan Grounds.

He chased after the recommendation only after his boss had obtained an Agreement known as Kekancingan from a Court official with authority over land holdings. Gunung Samudera Tirtomas’ boss, Robinson Saalino, claims to have met with officials of the Gunungkidul Regency Government to process the permits necessary for the South Mountain Paradise project.


Degradasi Vegetasi Dan Dampak Pertambangan terhadap Ekosistem Karst Maros-Pangkep

But he did not name the officials whom he met with. Robinson explained that the entire beach area of Gunungkidul is owned by the Royal Court, not the state. Robin refuted kxrst allegation of bribery occurring to expedite spatial zoning recommendations and Kekancingan agreements from the Royal Court.

Hadiwinoto admitted to requesting the business license of the company as proof of their serious intention to process a land rental use permit on Sultan Grounds. The business license was necessary for him to find out the owner and the CEO of the company wishing to forge a joint venture with the Sultanate. Ia denied being acquainted with Agung Tobing, Soekeno, and Dicky Tjokrosaputra who each have obtained recommendations from the Gununfkidul Regency Government to manage protected landscapes which happen to karet on Sultan Grounds.

Hadiwinoto declared, the kekancingan is issued under the requirement the entity in question has already processed a land use spatial zoning recommendation from the regency government. The region designated protected by the central government, is being partly rented out to business people through land rent use permits issued by the Royal Court through letters of agreement known as kekancingan.

One of his main duties in the royal court structure is to manage the land plots on Sultan Grounds. How does the Court execute the Sultan Grounds and Kekancingan?

Before the Special Law UUKbefore the Regional Ruling of Special Territory Ekosistenbefore there were technical guidelines, the Court had already been conducting authority for a long time, though the form was different.

Before the UUK, the kekancingan was a loan to use land owned by the Court. The title was different. Later, there are three rights accessible by the citizenry and institutions. Rights of use is connected to clan relations and the Court. There is the anggaduh right for the people, which can be in the form of an empty plot and ekosistemm building erected will still be owned by the person who made the request. The there is the anganggo right, this is where land and the building becomes the property of the Sultanate.

In ekksistem Soecial Region of Yogyakarta, sincedata about Court assets were very complete.

In the villages there is the ledger. A kagst map describing plots rented out for use. In the city, complete data and certification was issued for land ekksistem since For rights for Westeners, there is the gebrai, there is RVO or eigendom, and rights for Foreign Easterners, usually reserved for the Chinese community. Even if only for renovations, there are not enough funds.

In a single year, we only receive so much. They are business people close to the Royal Court, so the Gunungkidul Government had to bow down to pressure from the Court.