Kiev-Nizhin: Lysenko, – p.; Zhizhko E. Development of professional Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela, outside urban. Venezuela officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela is a country on the northern coast of For the – period the number of seats is ” Constitución de la República Bolivariana de Venezuela” (PDF). Ministry of Education. Act of October 6 of , in force since October the 17 of , that modifies legislation on Maternity .. República Bolivariana de
|Published (Last):||19 July 2018|
|PDF File Size:||1.43 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||12.15 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
ILO is a specialized agency of the United Nations.
This is public law and its provisions shall apply to all enterprises, establishments or of any nature whatsoever, whether public or private, existing or hereafter established in Costa Rica, as well as all the citizens of the Republic without distinction of sex or nationality. Agricultural and stockbreeding exploitations that do not employ more than 5 workers are excluded from the scope of application of the Code. Ley constitutiva de la caja costarricense de seguro social.
Reglamento del Seguro de Salud The application of this Decree is temporal and subject to the existence of the national sanitary emergency of prevention against the proliferation of the AH1N1 virus. Maternity protection is conferred by the Labour Code and covers all working women in the public and private sector. The pregnant worker will be entitled to enjoy paid maternity leave if presented to the employer a medical certificate indicating that the expected date of delivery is within the next 5 weeks from the issuing of such document.
The worker has to enjoy maternity leave scheduled as one month before and three months following confinement. The worker is entitled to enjoy 4 months in total of maternity leave. Historical data year indicates year of data collection The worker is entitled to one month before and three months following confinement.
The period of maternity leave can be extended up to more 3 months by medical prescription. The worker is entitled to an extension up to three months for medical reasons.
Relevant provisions on parental leave have not been identified. Relevant provisions on paternity leave have not been identified. Adoption leave is conferred by the Labour Code and covers all workers in the public and private sector.
The worker shall be entitled to enjoy paid adoption leave, if presented to the employer a certificate, issued by the National Child Committee or the Family Court, indicating the administrative formalities taken for the adoption. The Labour Code provides the same entitlements for an adoptive mother and a biological mother. To this respect, the adoptive mother shall enjoy three months of leave from the day the child passes into her custody.
Relevant provisions on right to part-time work have not been identified. The social security is universal and its afiliation covers all the residents in Costa Rica. Therefore maternity benefits are to enjoyed by all working women in all sectors. Health Insurance Regulation Art. In order to be entitled to enjoy maternity benefits the worker shall have worked at least 3 months preceeding the date of confinement.
In addition, the pregnant worker will be entitled to enjoy paid maternity leave if presented to the employer a medical certificate indicating that the expected date of delivery is within the next 5 weeks from the issuing of such document. The duration of maternity benefits shall be enjoyed for the whole duration of the leave, which is 4 months. The total amount of her remuneration: In cases where the woman does not fulfill the prerequisites to receive social security benefits, the employer shall pay her two-thirds of her remuneration.
Benefits are paid one month before confinement and three months following confinement. One hundred percent Costa Rican Social Security Fund 50 per cent and the employer 50 per cent. Fifty percent social security, fifty percent employer Fifty percent social security, fifty percent employer. Maternity benefits are to be paid only if the worker effectively enjoys the leave before and after delivery.
Otherwise the payments may be suspended if proved that the worker is engaged in remunerative work. In the case of miscarriage or premature non-viable birth, the worker shall enjoy paid leave but will be reduced in a half.
Relevant provisions on parental leave benefits have not been identified. Relevant provisions on paternity leave benefits have not been identified. Adoption benefits are conferred by the Labour Code and covers all workers in the public and private sector.
Relevant provisions have not been identified. However the Labour Code states that adoptive female workers enjoys the same rights as biological mothers. The Clinics covered by the Social Security Fund and Health Care Centres shall provide free prenatal and post natal care to the adolescents mothers.
Relevant provisions for medical benefits in general have not been identified. A breastfeeding worker is entitled to fifteen minutes every three hours or, if preferred, half-hour twice during the working day, unless a medical certificate states that only a shorter period of time is required.
The employer shall also endeavor to ensure that the worker has the opportunity to take a rest period according to the possibilities relating to her employment. Nursing breaks and rest periods will be calculated as hours worked. Nursing breaks will be calculated as hours worked. Enterprises that employ more than 30 women are obliged to provide an appropriately equipped area in which women may safely nurse their children.
Every employer, public and private institutions, shall provide the adolescent mothers the adequate conditions for nurse their children.
Nightwork for women is prohibited. All pregnant workers, working constotucion any Public Institution or Public Company or in any private establishment in Costa Rica, are entitled to apply for the performance of their work from home or other appropriately equipped area, as far as technically practicable. It is not permitted to employ women in general to carry out work that is unhealthy, heavy or dangerous.
LGBT práva ve Venezuele
It is absolutely forbidden to employ any pregnant worker or nursing mother in any work involving the use and management of agrochemicals. The State is obliged to promote and guarantee equal rights between women and men in the political, economic, social and cultural spheres. State powers and institutions must guarantee that women do not suffer discrimination on the grounds of sex and that they enjoy the same rights as men.
The Constitution states that Laws in Costa Rica shall provide special protection to women at work. To this respect, in it has been created a Tripartite Technical Committee for the Equality and Equity of Gender at Work to advise the Ministry of Labour and Social Security in the implementation of this principle.
It is forbidden to dismiss or to discriminate in any sense the adolescent pregnant worker or nursing mother. A woman worker who is pregnant or nursing, or who has made a complaint of sexual harrassment, may not be dismissed except for justified cause based on serious neglect of the duties arising out of her contract.
In that case, the employer must request authorization from the labour authorities. If a pregnant worker or nursing mother is finally dismissed without due cause, she may claim to the Labour Court the immediate reinstatement in her post with full enjoyment of all her rights. The employer may dismiss the pregnant worker or nursing mother after proven the negligence of the worker before the National Direction and General Labour Inspection.
A woman worker shall be entitled to return to her post or to another post of equivalent remuneration that relates to her skills, abilities and competencies after maternity leave. Law for equality of opportunities for women, Official registry No. Special Law to Depublica the work of concierges, Official registry No. Law to Protect and to Promote breastfeeding, official registry No. Tepublica Law to protect children and adolescents, Official registry 5.
Ley de Reforma Parcial del Decreto No. Law of Employment Benefits Regime, official registry No. Tribunal Supremo de Laa http: Venezuelan Institute of Social Security http: The maternity protection provided by the Organic Labour Act applies to all workers in the private sector and also public sector who enjoy the benefits of this Act for situations not covered by their own regulations.
Domestic workers are also covered as well as concierges. There are not qualifying conditions in order to be entitled with maternity leave.
The duration of Maternity leave 18 weeks is compulsory. The total duration can be enjoyed after confinement. Th worker is entitled to a maternity leave of 18 weeks 6 weeks before and 12 weeks after confinement If a woman worker does not use all her prenatal leave, through medical authorization or because confinement takes place before the due date, the unused time shall be added to the postnatal period if confinement occurs after the due date, the period of prenatal leave shall be extended until confinement takes place and the amount of postnatal leave shall not venezuuela reduced.
In the case of illness resulting from pregnancy or confinement, the woman shall be entitled to leave for a further unspecified period. Fathers, will enjoy a paternity leave of fourteen 14 continuous days, since the date of born of his child.
Venezuela – Wikipedia
This right also covers adoptive fathers. The norm talk about fathers and there is not an express previous or constiutcion scope at the beginning of the norm. The male worker shall present to his employer a medical certificate regarding the date of born of his child as well as his condition of consittucion of this child. Women workers in the public and private sectors, except the armed forces, who are covered by separate regulations establishing the benefits to which they are entitled and which may not be less than those of workers covered by the Labour Act.
Regarding fathers, the norm creating the paternity leave only rrpublica fathers without further details. Bolibariana has not been established conditions for adoption leave for mothers. Repiblica fathers shall present to their employers a medical certificate regarding the date of born of the child as well as his condition of father of this child.
A woman worker who adopts a child under three years of age shall be entitled to maternity leave for up to ten weeks. A man who adopts a child under three years of age shall be entitled with paternity leave for fourteen continuous days.
There are not legal provisions entitling pregnant workers or nursing mothers to apply for part-time working hours. This Law governs the legal relationships and situations on the occasion of protection of Social Security affiliates and their beneficiaries in contingencies vehezuela maternity, old age, survivors, sickness, accidents, disability, death, retirement, severance or unemployment.
They are protected by compulsory social insurance, permanent workers under the jurisdiction of an employer without considering if is urban or rural sector. By Regulation or Special Decree, the National Executive President may extend the scope to other categories of workers.
The National Executive will apply the compulsory social security regime to home-workers and domestic workers both casual or temporary. The National Executive shall establish the Social Security Optional for non-dependent workers and for non working women workers on the occasion of motherhood. People who serve the nation, states, territories, Capital District, municipalities, autonomous institutions and people constltucion general public moral, are covered by the Social Security system Mandatory in cases of cash benefits for disability or partial incapacity, old age, survivors and marriage.
Insurance will apply medical care and cash benefits for temporary incapacity maternitywhen the Executive sees fit. To this end take the measures necessary to incorporate the healthcare services of the Ministries, Autonomous institutions and other public entities boluvariana the Venezuelan Institute Social Insurance.