By John Horn, Ph.D. and Heather E. P. Cattell, Ph.D. Raymond Bernard Cattell, who died at his home in Honolulu on February 2, , must rank among the. Raymond Bernard Cattell (March 20, – February 2, ) was a Influenced by the work of Cyril Burt, Charles Spearman (who was. Personalidad de. Raymond Bernard. Cattell. Dr. Gonzalo Adán. UIB. sobre todo a partir de su teorías sobre la personalidad. Autor o . Trayectoria y biografía.
|Published (Last):||17 May 2011|
|PDF File Size:||2.14 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||6.56 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
James McKeen Cattell May 25, — January 20,American psychologistwas the first professor of psychology in the United States, teaching at the University of Pennsylvaniaand long-time editor and publisher of scientific journals and publications, most notably the journal Science. At the beginning of his career, many scientists regarded psychology at best a minor field of study, or at worst a pseudoscience such as phrenology.
Perhaps more than any of his contemporaries, Cattell helped establish psychology as a legitimate science, worthy of study at the highest levels of the academy. Born in Easton, Pennsylvania inCattell grew up the eldest child of a wealthy and prominent family.
William Cattell could easily provide for his children, as he had married Elizabeth “Lizzie” McKeen in ; together they shared Lizzie’s substantial inheritance. To this picture of the family’s success one could add political power as well, as James’ uncle Alexander Gilmore Cattell represented New Jersey in the United States Senate.
Cattell entered Lafayette College in at the age of sixteen, and graduated in four years with the highest honors. In the faculty at Lafayette awarded him an M. Despite his later renown as a scientist, he spent most of his time devouring English literaturealthough he showed a remarkable gift for mathematics as well.
Cattell said Francis Andrew Marcha philologistwas a great influence during his time at Lafayette.
Cattell did not find his calling until after he arrived in Germany for graduate studies, where he met Wilhelm Wundt at the University of Leipzig. The partnership between Wundt and Cattell proved highly productive, as the two helped to establish the formal study of intelligence. Under Wundt, Cattell became the first American to publish a dissertation in the field of psychology.
The dissertation was accepted by the University of Leipzig in More controversially, Cattell tried to explore the interiors of his own mind through the consumption of the then-legal drug hashish. Under the influence of this drug, Cattell once compared the whistling of a schoolboy to a symphony orchestra. While recreational drug use was not uncommon among early psychologists, including FreudCattell’s experimentation with hashish reflected a willingness to go against conventional opinion and morality.
After completing his Ph. From the beginning of his career, Cattell worked hard to establish psychology as a field as worthy of study as any of the “hard” physical sciences, such as chemistry or physics.
Indeed, he believed that further investigation would reveal that the intellect itself could be parsed into standard units of measurements. He also brought the methods of Wilhelm Wundt and Francis Galton back to the United States, establishing the mental testing efforts in the U. Inhe used the money that he had gained from the settlement biogfafia order to start The Psychological Corporation to foster his interest in the field of applied psychology.
Because he was never able to really explain how psychologists can apply their work, the organization failed until taken over by other psychologists who had experience in applied psychology.
Towards the end of his life, Cattell still edited and published his journals. To help himself in the process, he created the Science Press Printing Company bografia order to produce his journals. He continued his work on the journals until his death in in Lancaster, Pennsylvania. Like many eminent scientists and scholars of the time, Cattell’s thought was influenced by belief in eugenicsdefined as the “applied science or the bio-social movement which advocates the use of practices aimed at improving the genetic composition of a population, usually referring to human populations.
In connection with his eugencist beliefs, Cattell’s own research found ragmond men of science were likely to have fathers who were clergymen or professors. Incidentally, Cattell’s father was both. Cattell believed that his mental tests were measuring intelligence; however, in Clark Wisslera student of Cattell, demonstrated that there was no statistical relationship between scores on Cattell’s tests and academic performance.
Cattell was well known for his involvement in creating and editing scientific journals. He was so involved in owning and publishing journals, that his research productivity declined. He also acquired the journal Science and, within five years, made it the official publication of the American Association for the Advancement of Science Inhe purchased Popular Science Monthly from D.
Raymond Cattell – Viquipèdia, l’enciclopèdia lliure
In rahmond, the title was purchased from him and became Popular Science. He, in turn, founded and edited The Scientific Monthlywhich went to the subscribers of the old Popular Science Monthly as a substitute. Cattell was the editor of Science for nearly 50 years. During that time, he did much re promote psychology as a science by seeing to it raymone empirical studies in psychology were prominently featured in the journal.
Cattell was skeptical of paranormal claims and spiritualism. He had dismissed the medium Leonora Piper as a fraud. He was involved in a debate over Piper with the psychologist William James in the Science journal. He married Josephine Owen, the daughter of an English merchant, in Their seven children got their pre-college educations at home with their parents as instructors.
The whole family shared in Cattell’s editorial work. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Gruber”Academic freedom at Columbia University: Dictionary of American Biography.
A Cambridge Alumni Database. A history of psychology in letters.
Connections in the history and systems of psychology. National Academy of the Sciences. Portraits of Pioneers in Psychology. A History of Modern Psychology. New York, New York: Presidents of the American Psychological Association. Warren Robert S. Woodworth John B. Stanley Hall I. Hull Edward C. Robert Richardson Sears J. McVicker Hunt Laurance F.
Shaffer Orval Hobart Mowrer E. Hebb Neal E. Miller Paul E. Meehl Charles E. Clark Anne Anastasi Leona E. Tyler Albert Bandura Donald T. McKeachie Theodore H. Fox Robert J.
James McKeen Cattell – Wikipedia
Wikisource has original works written by or about: