The Spanish Colonial Revival Style (Spanish: Arquitectura neocolonial española ) is an architectural stylistic movement arising in the early 20th century based. La arquitectura neocolonial española, también hispano-americana o hispano- estadounidense (en inglés, Spanish Colonial Revival architecture) fue un. A arquitetura neocolonial hispano-americana (em inglês chamada Spanish Colonial Revival architecture) foi um movimento arquitetônico dos Estados Unidos.
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The Panama-California Exposition of in San Diegohighlighting the work of architect Bertram Goodhueis credited with giving the style national exposure. Embraced principally in California and Floridathe Spanish Colonial Revival movement enjoyed its greatest popularity between neodolonial Smith, designed grand, elaborately detailed hotels in the Mediterranean Revival and Spanish Revival styles in the s.
Smith, thousands of winter visitors to ‘the Sunshine State’ began to experience the charm and romance of Spanish influenced architecture. These three hotels were influenced not only by the centuries-old buildings remaining from the Spanish rule in St. Augustine but also by The Old City Houseconstructed in and arquiteturs standing, an excellent example of early Spanish Colonial Revival architecture.
The possibilities of the Spanish Colonial Revival Style were brought to the attention of architects attending late 19th and early 20th centuries international expositions. They also integrated porticoespediments and colonnades influenced by Beaux Arts classicism as well. By the early years of the s, architects in Florida had begun to work in a Spanish Colonial Revival style.
Diamantina – arquitetura neocolonial. | José Argemiro | Flickr
Trimble ‘s Farmer’s Bank in Vero Beachcompleted inis a fully mature early example of the style. The city of St.
Cloud, Floridaespoused the style both for homes and commercial structures and has a fine collection of subtle stucco buildings reminiscent of colonial Mexico. The major location of design and construction in the Spanish Colonial Revival style was Californiaespecially in the coastal cities. It is best exemplified in the California Quadranglebuilt as the grand entrance to that Exposition.
The city of Santa Barbara adopted the style to give it a unified Spanish character after widespread destruction in the Santa Barbara earthquake. Koerner and William J.
Gage are other notable civic examples in California. Between andarchitect Robert H. Spurgeon constructed 32 Spanish colonial revival houses in Riverside California and many of them have been preserved.
Following the Mexican Revolutionthere was a wave of nationalism that emphasized national culture, including in architecture. The neocolonial style arose as a response to European eclecticism favored during the Porfiriato. The book La patria y la arquitectura nacional by Federico Mariscal was influential in advocating neocolonia architecture as neocoloial to national identity.
Arquitectura neocolonial española
The colonial-era National Palace was significantly altered between and The modifications were done in a manner corresponding to the original style. Similarly, the colonial Mexico City government building was remodeled in the s and a neocolonial companion building was built in the s. The style, as developed in the United States, came full circle to its geographic point of inspiration as in the late s, single-family houses were built in Mexico City ‘s then-new upscale neighborhoods in what is known in Mexico as colonial californiano Californian Colonial.
After colonial rule by Spain for over years, and for the most part being administered under the province of New Spain Mexicothe Philippines received Iberian and Latin-American influences in its architecture.
By the time the United States conquered the Philippines, the Mission-style and Spanish Colonial Revival architecture also arrived, with inspirations from California.
American architects further developed this style in the Philippines, given the Philippines’ Spanish heritage, but at the same time modernizing the buildings with American amenities. Parsons and built in Other examples exist throughout the country such as Gota de Leche, Paco Market, and thousands more, especially in the churches and cathedrals throughout the country. Influential Australian architects such as Emil Sodersten and Professor Leslie Wilkinson brought back styles from Italy and Spain in the early 20th century, convinced that Mediterranean styles would be well-suited for the Australian climate and lifestyle.
Mediterranean style became popular in places like Sydney suburbs Manly and Bondi in the s and s. One variant, known as Spanish Mission or Hollywood Spanish, became popular as Australians saw films of and read in magazines about the glamorous mansions in that style that Hollywood movie stars had.
Spanish mission houses began to appear in the wealthier suburbs, the most famous being Boomerangat Elizabeth Bay. In the s, numerous houses in Spanish Revival style were built in Shanghaiparticularly in the former French Concession. Although Shanghai was not culturally linked to the Spanish-speaking world, these buildings were probably inspired by Hollywood movies, which were highly influential in the city at the time. Local architectural magazines of the period like The Chinese Architect and The Builder regularly printed detailed examples of the style for local builders to copy and implement.
Spanish Colonial Revival architecture shares some elements with the earlier Mission Revival style derived from the architecture of the California missionsand Pueblo Revival style from the traditional Puebloan peoples in New Mexico. Spanish Colonial Revival architecture is characterized by a combination of detail from several eras of Spanish BaroqueSpanish ColonialMoorish Revival and Mexican Churrigueresque architecture, the style is marked by the prodigious use of smooth plaster stucco wall and chimney finishes, low- pitched clay tileshed, or flat roofs, and terracotta or cast concrete ornaments.
Other characteristics typically include small porches or balconiesRoman or semi-circular arcades and fenestrationwood casement or tall, double—hung windowscanvas awningsand decorative iron trim.
One of the most accomplished architects of the style was George Washington Smith who practiced during the s in Santa Barbara, California. His own residences El Hogara. An example landmark house he designed is the Steedman estate Casa del Herrero in Montecitonow a registered National Historic Landmark and restored historic house—landscape museum.
Bertram Goodhue and Carleton Winslow initiated the style as the dominant historical regional style in California; they also influenced Hawaiian architecture in the s. Notable in Californian architecture were the following architects: In Florida notable architects include: Kelly and built between and The above example is in BondiSydney. An example in the Sydney suburb of Bellevue Hill. Queens College in New York City still uses many of its original Spanish-style buildings, which were built in the early 20th century.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. The neocolonial companion building s to the colonial Mexico City palace of the ayuntamiento s.
Art of Colonial Latin America London: Deco Body, Deco City: Female Spectacle and Modernity in Mexico City, — U of Nebraska Press. Retrieved 24 May Tendencias actuales de la arquitectura mexicana in Spanish. Modernity and the Architecture of Mexico. University of Texas Press. Architecture, Society, and Politics in Mexico City. American References Publishing Corporation. Architecture of the United States. Greek Revival Italianate Gothic Revival. List of Spanish missions.
Camino Real de Tierra Adentro Tayabas. Spanish Colonial Revival architecture Mission Revival architecture.
Historicism and Revivalism in Western architecture and decorative arts. Mycenaean Revival Serbo-Byzantine Revival.
Arquitetura Neocolonial de Pirenópolis
National Romantic style Dragon Style. Pombaline Neo-Manueline Soft Portuguese style. Byzantine Revival Russian Revival Stalinist architecture. Retrieved from ” https: Spanish Colonial Revival architecture American architectural styles House styles Revival architectural styles Spanish Revival architecture 20th-century architectural styles Addison Mizner. CS1 Spanish-language sources es Articles containing Spanish-language text. Views Noecolonial Edit View arquiretura.